Kodila estate


The first written note about Kodila manor is from the 1436. At that time it belonged to the Teutonic Order. Unfortunately we know so less about medieval time in Kodila´s manor house.
Since 1517 to 1699 manor belonged to Nourath´s Family( Nieroth). That time was very hard for the owners and also for peasantry , because of the Livonian War(1558-1585) and Sweden- Poland war.
Wrangell´s family got the manor in 1699 and they had it until 1772. Despite of the fact that these two Baltic-German families hold the manor for hundreds years, theres nothing about them in the folklore.
In 1772 Wilhelm von Pohlmann bought the house. He was very well know person
In Tsarskoje Selo castle in Russia and he had good personal contacts with tsarfamily itself. That might have been the reason why Kodila manor was called hunting manor of tsarfamily. In the year 1786 he bought the castle in Koluvere and moved there. At that time Augustine, the princess of Würtenberg ,stopped there as well. What happened between Pohlmann and princess of Würtenberg, we never really get to know, but there are many legends and stories about their love afar. Augustine died in 1788 in mysterious way . Her death has been associated with Pohlmann´s name and that caused problems to him already at that time.
Despite all the problems, Pohlmann´s time in Kodila was very important. After devastating war years( The Great Northern War 1700-1721) the land started to stabilise, houses and villages were rebuilt and the population started to grow. Development was fast and in the end of the century the landlords and Adel could afford very luxurious life. It was the time when spectacular manors and castles were built.
The baroque style main house made of limestone in Kodila is from the end of 18th century. At that time all the economical houses were built of stone as well.
The symmetrical placement of the economical houses gave special glorious look to the main house. In the year 1782 there were 26 mail and 28 female servants working in the manor house, which is a big number compared to other manors in Estonian at that time.
But all that luxurious life caused many expenses and soon after that the owner got into big debts and he had to sold the manor( it was common thing to do).
After that Kodila manor changed the owners often. For a short time it belonged to Tiesenhausen´s and even to Adam Johann von Krusenstern, who was born in neighbourhood, at Hagudi manor house.
During this unstable situation all the glory of the manor was gone. Because of that , in the year 1876, the manor lost its rights to knight manor(rittergut) and was renamed as a half manor(beigut).
In the year 1898 Mihkel Zimmermann bought the manor , he owned it until the 1941.
After 1941 the main house was used as a office of the state enterprise and the baroque interior was transformed due to it. The main hall was rebuilt into workers living rooms. At later times the house was used as the office of the local kolkhoz.

There used to be wooden balcony at the back façade, but it is demolished now. Interesting are two pavilions at both sides of the main house , in the old times they were used as a watch towers.

Today the manor is a private property.